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Glycan Analysis Services - Level 1

WAX profiling


The weak anion exchange high-performance liquid chromatography (WAX-HPLC) provides glycan charge profiles. Negatively charged glycans often play a critical role in the function of a glycoprotein. Glycan charges are usually due to sialic acids, however they can also result from sulphation or phosphorylation of monosaccharide building blocks. Biopharmaceuticals often contain two main types of sialic acid; N-acetyl-neuraminic acid (Neu5Ac) and N-glycolyl-neuraminic acid (Neu5Gc). Neu5Ac is found in both human and non-human cells, whereas Neu5Gc is not present on human glycoproteins. The biopharmaceuticals efficacy, serum half-life and immunogenicity are impacted by both the abundance and the type of sialylation. Consequently, sialylation is a glycosylation critical quality attribute (GCQA).

In addition to Level 1: HILIC profiling and Quantitative Sialic Acid Analysis, the Level 1: WAX profiling (glycan charge profile) is also an important parameter for biotherapeutic protein monitoring.



Ludger Intact Released Glycan Analysis



This module provides WAX-HPLC charge profiles with the relative proportion of the mono-, di-, tri- and tetra-sialylated glycan structures. The analysis will be performed on single or triplicate releases of samples (typically 5-100 µg for each release), an equivalent amount (by volume) of sample buffer negative control, and alongside Ludger's system suitability standards, positive and negative controls.

This module is suitable for:

  • sialylated samples
  • quality control - profile comparisons to monitor charge distribution
  • monitoring batch to batch consistency
  • comparability studies

In order to gain more detailed information on the glycan structures and their relative proportions Level 2 Detailed Characterisation is required.


Sample types:

  • Biopharmaceuticals: glycoprotein hormones (e.g. follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and erythropoietin (EPO), Fc fusion proteins, monoclonal antibodies (mAbs), vaccines.
  • Cells: mammalian cell lines, bacterial cell components
  • Biological fluids, tissues and others
  • Glycoproteins set in SDS-gel (N-glycans only)


Workflow for Level 1 WAX profiling

Ludger - Glycan Analysis - Workflow for Level 1 WAX profiling

N-glycans are released from glycoprotein by digestion with PNGAse F or PNGAse A.
O-glycans are released from glycoprotein by hydrazinolysis or Orela reagent.
Released glycans are fluorescently labelled with 2-AB purified and analysed on a LudgerSep-C3 weak anion exchange (WAX) column.

WAX-HPLC provides charge profiles for profile comparison between batches where glycan separation is based on glycan charge.



Report

Final report contains:

  • WAX-HPLC profiles for system suitability standards and Ludger positive controls
  • WAX-HPLC profiles for client samples and buffer negative controls
  • Relative proportions of the mono-, di-, tri- and tetra-sialylated glycan structures






Module Level 1: WAX profiling has:

2 options for N-glycans profiling to choose between:

  1. G-L1N-WAX - Option 1: Glycoprofiling on a single sample releases + formulation buffer + Ludger controls
  2. G-L1N-WAX - Option 2: Glycoprofiling on triplicate sample releases + formulation buffer + Ludger controls


2 options for O-glycans profiling to choose between:

  1. G-L1O-WAX-OHy - Option 1: Glycoprofiling on triplicate sample releases + formulation buffer + Ludger controls.
    O-glycan release by hydrazinolysis.
  2. G-L1N-WAX-ORe - Option 2: Glycoprofiling on triplicate sample releases + formulation buffer + Ludger controls.
    O-glycan release by Orela.







Contacts

Glycan Analysis Services

Dr. Radoslaw P. Kozak

Dr. Radoslaw Kozak
Head of Glycoprofiling
rad.kozak@ludger.com

Please enquire for more details or a quote,
and if you wish to set up a confidentiality agreement
please contact Dr Radoslaw Kozak, Head of Glycoprofiling directly to arrange this.